Curtis Warren Penn and Associates, Inc. Style Guide

The following document is a style guide to assist in the production, implementation and continuing development of the Curtis Warren Penn and Associate, Inc website. This document outlines the overall file structure, naming conventions, design and coding guidelines, styles and resources used in the construction of this site.  To ensure design continuity and maintain the life span of this site, it is important that everybody involved in the development, maintenance and updating of this site read, understand and adhere to these guidelines.

1.0 Coding Standards

This sections details the minimum coding standards required by the Curtis Warren Penn and Associates, Inc site.

1.1 Validation

This site is designed to the XHTML 1.0 Strict and CSS2.1 specifications as laid down by the WC3(World Wide Web Consortium). All new and existing pages must aim to validate against these specifications.

1.2 DOCTYPE Declaration

In order to conform to XHTML 1.0 Strict, every (X)HTML page on the site must start with the following DOCTYPE declaration.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" 

1.3 Accessibility

This site aims to meet Double-A accessibility conformance as outlined in WCAG 1.0 (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0).

1.4 Browser Support

The following table outlines browser support requirements for this site.

Browser Family Support Level
IE 6+ Target
Firefox 1.x Target
Safari 2.x Target
Opera 8.x Supported
IE 5.5 Supported
Netscape 6 Supported
IE5.x/Mac Partially Supported
IE 5.0 Partially Supported
Opera 5.0-7.x Partially Supported
IE 4.0 Partially Supported
NN 4.0 Partially Supported
IE4.0/Mac Unsupported

1.5 Character Set

All pages should use the Unicode ISO-8859-1 character set.

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">

All special characters should be marked up using the correct named entity or Unicode equivalent in order for the page to display correctly across browsers and to validate. In particular, use the following codes for common special characters:

Name Symbol Code
Ampersand & &amp;
Left Double Quote &ldquo;
Right Double Quote &rdquo;
Less Than < &lt;
Greater Than > &gt;
en-dash - &endash;
em-dash &emdash;
Ellipsis &helip;

Take special care when inputting content created in a word processor.

1.6 Title, Keywords and Descriptions

To encourage ease of navigation and good search engine ranking, all pages should contain a title, description and keywords. These content elements should be created by the content editor and not left to the developer.

Page title should be simple, descriptive and distinct, avoiding marketing hyperbole. For consistency, all titles should be in the format:

<title>Curtis Warren Penn and Associates, Inc. – [Section]:[Page]</title>

Page descriptions should describe the content and purpose of the page in 1-3 short sentences.

<meta name="Description" content="Page summary goes here." />

Page keywords are used to add synonyms and additional meaning to a page. Keywords should not be used to add irrelevant or unrelated words to a page.

<meta name="keywords" content="word 1, word 2, word n" />

1.7 Alternative Text for Images

Alternative text is required for every image element on the site. Alt text must provide an adequate description of the content or function of the image. Alternative text is content and must be created by the content editor. It must not be left for the web developer to decide.

<img src="/img/xxxx.gif" alt="Add image description text here." width="xx" height="xx" />

If the image is purely decorative, the alt text can be left blank.

<img src="/img/pretty.gif" alt="" width="xx" height="xx" />

1.8 Links

The text within links should be unique and describe the destination of the link. Links saying “Click Here” or “More” should be avoided.

<a href="news.php">More News Stories</a>

Links that open in a new window should be avoided. However if there is a good usability reason for doing so (i.e. providing contextual help), the link text must inform the user.

<a href="help.php">Help (open new window)</a>

Links to downloadable documents – such as PDF’s – should contain the document size, format and the fact that they are downloads rather than links to another page.

<a href="minutes.pdf">Download the Minutes in PDF format (25KB)</a>

You can provide additional, non-critical link information in the form of a tool-tip by adding a title attribute.

<a href="news.php" title="News Archive">More News Stories</a>

1.9 Meaningful HTML

All pages should be coded using meaningful rather than presentational XHTML. Meaningful elements include, but are not limited to, the following:

Deprecated elements and attributes should be avoided.

1.10 Abbreviations and Acronyms

Abbreviations and acronyms should be marked up and defined the first time they appear on each page.

<abbr title="UK">United Kingdom</abr>

<acronym title="NATO">North Atlantic Treaty Organisation</ acronym >

1.11 Tables

Tables are reserved for data and should not be used for page layout. Data tables should be marked up using appropriate meaningful elements such as; <th>, <td>, <thead>, <tbody> and <tfoot> and appropriate meaningful attributes such as; summary, id and headers.

2.0 Styles

This document contains details of all the styles used on this site, how they are applied and how they are rendered.

2.1 General Typography

about us page
Item Font Size Color
Main Navigation Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 16px/1.0em #FFFFFF
Company Name/h1 Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 33px/2.0em #FFFFFF
Tagline/h2 Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 25px/1.5em #FFFFFF
header/h3 Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 23px/1.4em #CCCCCC
header/h4 Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 20px/1.2em #CCCCCC
paragraph Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 16px/1.0em #CCCCCC
list Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 16px/1.0em #CCCCCC
footer Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, Sans-Serif 15px/0.9em #FFFFFF

2.2 Colors

Colors that appear on the Curtis's site

Color Image RGB HEX Value
Black black 0-0-0 #000000
Dark Gray dark gray 51-51-51 #333333
Medium Gray medium gray 102-102-102 #666666
Light Gray light gray 153-153-153 #999999
Red red 153-0-0 #990000
Blue blue 0-0-153 #000099
Green green 51-153-0 #339900
Orange orange 204-102-0 #CC6600
Purple purple 153-0-153 #990099

2.3 Headline Styles

Required element: Curtis Warren Penn and Associates, Inc's Logo


2.4 Link Styles

Main Navigation-Home

Main Navigation-Overview

Main Navigation-Portfolio

Main Navigation-Clients

Main Navigation-Contact

Others Links color: #999999

Others Hover/Active Links color: #FFFFFF

3.0 Resources

This document contains useful resources for the site such as links and descriptions of all the XHTML and CSS files used, links to Photoshop templates and further coding resources.

3.1 Images Files

3.2 Mark-up Guides

Images showing the sitemap, general page layouts, naming conventions

3.3 XHTML Templates

3.4 CSS Files

3.5 Useful Links and Resources

List of useful XHTML/CSS links

3.6 Useful Books